The funding bill of about 1300 pages, which will grant the $5.8 billion, the president Trump wants to expand the southern walls, give the dreamers temporary protection and put a stop to the government shutdown which is the longest in history, is being pushed forward by the Senate Republicans.
Describing the bill as dead on arrival, the Democrats have complained that the protection that is offered the dreamers are not enough and also that the bill was full of measures of anti-immigration which do not relate at all and would cause the US immigration enforcement to expand dramatically thereby cutting the ability to request asylum by foreigners.
While the Republicans say the bill offers a compromise which is reasonable and will end the partial shutdown, Trojan horse is what the Democrats call it claiming that it will give the dreamers protection which is short-termed and will pose threats which are long-termed.
On Tuesday, the Senior Department of Homeland Security official said that the bill is a “start point” showing negotiations were welcomed.
With the bill debate by both sides coming up this week, it will be good for us to take a look at significant provisions in the Immigration bill which was written by the Senate Republicans, under Trump’s administration.
Temporary Reprieve for Dreamers
On Saturday, President Trump said that he would give temporary protection to millions of immigrants to break the logjam of the shutdown.
The first category of persons would approximately 700,000 Dreamers, undocumented immigrants who came into the country as children and have qualified for DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program). Trump tried to stop the program in 2017 but was opposed by the federal courts.
The second category of dreamers is above 300,000 foreigners who have for more than two decades been staying and working in the country under Temporary Protected Status. This category of dreamers is away from their respective countries because of armed conflicts and natural disasters. Also, 98% percent of the TPS population (comprising of six countries) were banned from the program, and given a deadline to leave the country; however, the federal court also blocked the Trump administration in this regard.
The Democrats floated the idea to support the president by granting him the money due for the border walls as a part of the deal which also gives way for citizenship to the TPS and DACA recipients; however, with the bill by Republicans, these recipients are set to be only granted “provisional protected status" for 3 years. The temporal protections are not renewable after three years.
New Wall Funding
The $5.7billion fund request by Trump for the building of the southern walls is the core of the bill.
This request is different from the promise that was made at the presidential campaign. The money was to be used for repairs of the old walls and the building of new barriers, as explained by the Homeland Security.
The President has continuously warned migrants who marched to the US borders, in order to use the asylum laws to their benefits, as such the Republicans bill offers overhaul of the program. Foreigners who are in fear of being persecuted in their home countries, in terms of their race, nationality, religion, political beliefs, etc.
Although the new bill provides asylum workers with opportunities, it also has restrictions.
A member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, Greg Chen said the Central American Minors (CAM) would be restricted from obtaining asylum for 8 months as the new bill would take effect in 240 days while the restrictions will also be effective immediately after that.
The new Asylum bill allows asylum to be granted to individuals that are qualified for it and not for just anyone. The bill caps asylum number to 15,000 persons as supposed to the current bill which keeps the number open.
More Enforcement, More Jails
The Department of Homeland Security would receive $5.7 billion from the $70 billion which the new bill offers for the new borders.
Included in the fund are the provision 750 new Border Patrol agents and 375 new Customs and Border Protection officers.
Also, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
would receive funding for the provision of more beds for detention centers and the hiring of more agents.
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