United Kingdom’s engineering and medical sector is suffering from a significant skills shortage, and it is only getting worse because of tier 2 visa system’s monthly and yearly caps. According to a research conducted in January 2018, the United Kingdom has a domestic labor shortage of 20,000 engineering professionals, which can only be filled up by foreign-born highly skilled workers. After Great Britain exited from European Union, the country saw a decrease in EU workers, one of the reasons why there’s an increase in tier 2 visa applications. Engineering UK reported that the country will see a shortage of more than 180,000 engineering professionals by 2020. It is a growing cause of concern among migrants in the United Kingdom as they are choosing to find employment in some other country. Every year the British government publishes the United Kingdom Shortage Occupation List that contains occupations that are short staffed. While the list contains hundreds of occupations, 53 of them are engineering occupations. Some of the top short staffed engineering jobs are an automotive engineer, a chemical engineer, control and instruct engineer, geotechnical, integrated circuit test, mechanical, power system, and product design engineer.
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